Philosophy

Current Course Offerings

Winter 2018
No PHIL course(s) were found for W2018 term.
Winter 2018
No PHIL course(s) were found for W2018 term.
Winter 2018
No PHIL course(s) were found for W2018 term.
Winter 2018
No PHIL course(s) were found for W2018 term.
Winter 2018
No PHIL course(s) were found for W2018 term.
Winter 2018
No PHIL course(s) were found for W2018 term.

Courses Offered in Other Terms

PHIL211A

This course deals with the Presocratics; Socrates; Sophists. Recommended as preparation for CLST/PHIL 212 and PHIL 310.

Read More...


PHIL212A

Plato; Aristotle; selections from Hellenistic Philosophy. Recommended as preparation for PHIL 310.

Read More...


PHIL310A

A study of Plato’s dialogues and his influence on subsequent philosophy.

Read More...


PHIL311A

An introduction to the thought of Aristotle, for students with some exposure to philosophy. Readings address Aristotle’s Ethics, Political theory, Natural science, Psychology and Metaphysics. No prerequisites.

Read More...


PHIL313

A survey of western European thought, in its social and cultural setting, from Augustine to the fourteenth century. Possible topics include: the interaction of Christianity and paganism; Augustine; Anselm; Abelard and the twelfth-century Renaissance; the influence of Islam; the rediscovery of Aristotle; Aquinas, Scotus; Ockham. No prerequisites, but some familiarity with philosophy or with classical or medieval studies is recommended. Cross listed as RELG 328.

Read More...


PHIL412

Advanced study of a Medieval philosopher, such as Aquinas, or a School. Prerequisite: PHIL 313.

Read More...


Winter 2018

PHIL100 Introduction to Philosophy Sections

Basic problems and methods of Philosophy. Topics such as the existence of God, the nature and scope of human knowledge, the relationship between mind and body, personal identity, free will, issues and problems in moral philosophy. Credit will be granted for only one of PHIL 100 and either or both PHIL 101 or PHIL 102.

PHIL101 Introduction to Philosophy Sections

Basic problems and methods of philosophy. Topics such as the nature and scope of human knowledge, the existence of God, and the relationship between mind and body. Credit will be granted for only one of PHIL 100 or PHIL 101.

PHIL102 Introduction to Philosophy II Sections

Basic problems and methods of philosophy. Topics such as morality, personal identity, free will and determinism, and the meaning of life. Credit will be granted for only one of PHIL 100 or PHIL 102.

PHIL120 Introduction to Critical Thinking Sections

Tools for dealing with both everyday and more technical arguments and concepts. Analysis and resolution of confusions, ambiguities, and fallacies. This course is restricted to students with fewer than 90 credits.

PHIL125 Introduction to Scientific Reasoning Sections

Historical and logical analysis of various types of scientific hypotheses and the data that support or undermine them. This course is restricted to students with fewer than 90 credits.

PHIL211 Greek Philosophy I: Socrates and Plato Sections

The Pre-Socratics; Socrates; Sophists; Plato. Recommended as preparation for PHIL 310.

PHIL212 Greek Philosophy II: Aristotle and After Sections

Aristotle; selections from Hellenistic and Late Antique Philosophy. Recommended as preparation for PHIL 310.

PHIL220 Symbolic Logic Sections

Sentential and predicate logic. Translation from natural language; truth tables and interpretations; systems of natural deduction up to relational predicate logic with identity; alternative proof methods. Some sections may use computer-based materials and tests.

PHIL230 Introduction to Ethics Sections

Theories of obligation and value; moral reasoning; normative ethics, descriptive ethics and meta-ethics. Readings in classic and contemporary texts.

PHIL240 Introduction to Epistemology Sections

Topics in epistemology such as skepticism, truth, justification, a priori and a posteriori knowledge. Readings from classic and contemporary texts.

PHIL250 Minds and Machines Sections

Philosophical and theoretical issues that pertain to how mental phenomena fit into the material world. Examine questions such as whether a sophisticated enough computer should be deemed a conscious intelligent being. Focus on philosophical literature on consciousness, intelligence, animal minds, and the mind-body relation. Credit will be granted for only one of PHIL 250 or PHIL 150.

PHIL260 Science and Society in the Contemporary World Sections

An introduction to the historical development, conceptual foundations, and cultural significance of contemporary science. Themes will vary from year to year.

PHIL310 The Philosophy of Plato Sections

A study of Plato's dialogues and his influence on subsequent philosophy.

PHIL311 The Philosophy of Aristotle Sections

A study of Aristotle's writings and his influence on subsequent philosophy.

PHIL314 Philosophy in the 17th Century Sections

Survey of 17th-century philosophy from Bacon to Leibniz, including the writings of Hobbes, Descartes, and Spinoza. The influence of science and religion on philosophy.

PHIL315 Philosophy in the 18th Century Sections

Survey of 18th-century philosophy from Locke to Kant, including the writings of Berkeley, Rousseau, and Hume. The influence of science and religion on philosophy.

PHIL316 Philosophy After 1800 Sections

Survey of 19th and 20th century philosophy. May include Hegel, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Mill, Meinong, Brentano, the British Idealists, Russell, and Moore. Social and political currents in 19th century philosophical thought.

PHIL316A Philosophy After 1800 - PHIL AFTER 1800 Sections

Survey of 19th and 20th century philosophy. May include Hegel, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Mill, Meinong, Brentano, the British Idealists, Russell, and Moore. Social and political currents in 19th century philosophical thought.

PHIL320 Logic: Metatheory and Computability Sections

Continuation of PHIL 220. A system of deduction for predicate logic is selected for further study. Completeness of this system and other metatheoretic results are proved. Other topics include computability, recursive function theory, incompleteness and decidability.

PHIL321 Induction, Decision and Game Theory Sections

Formal methods relevant to probabilistic and inductive reasoning. Decision theory, game theory, axiomatic probability theory and its interpretations, belief dynamics, simulation and modelling.

PHIL322 Modal Logic Sections

Logic of the modal operators "It is necessary that" and "It is possible that." Possible-world semantics and a method of derivation for this logic.

PHIL323 Non-Classical Logics Sections

One or more of conditional logic, deontic logic, epistemic logic, many-valued logic, systems of belief dynamics.

PHIL326 Philosophy of Language I Sections

Philosophical discussion of language, meaning, and communication. Credit will be granted for only one of PHIL 326 or PHIL 425.

PHIL330 Social and Political Philosophy Sections

Theories of political and legal obligation and authority, legal reasoning, society and the state. Readings in classic and contemporary texts.

PHIL331 Business and Professional Ethics Sections

Moral problems in contemporary business and professional practice, general moral theory, the law, and policy formation. Corporate social and environmental responsibility, employee rights, preferential hiring and affirmative action programs, conflicts of interest, advertising, "whistle blowing" and self-regulation. Credit will be granted for only one of PHIL 331 or PHIL 434.

PHIL332 Environmental Ethics Sections

Moral problems arising in the context of human relationships to nature and to non-human living things, considered in terms of both general moral theory and policy formation. Topics include moral standing, animal rights, obligations to future generations, pollution, hazardous materials, the depletion of natural resources and the treatment of non-human living things. Credit will be granted for only one of PHIL 332 or PHIL 435.

PHIL333 Bio-Medical Ethics Sections

Moral problems arising in the health sciences, especially in medicine but also in biology, psychology, and social work. Topics include abortion, death and euthanasia, genetic engineering, behaviour modification, compulsory treatment, experimentation with human beings and animals, and the relationship between professionals and their patients, subjects or clients. No philosophical background is required. Credit will be granted for only one of PHIL 333 or PHIL 433.

PHIL334 Sex, Gender and Philosophy Sections

Relationship between sex, gender, and philosophy. Topics may include ethics, epistemology, science, social relations, law, and personhood.

PHIL335 Power and Oppression Sections

Philosophical approaches to historical problems of inequality and social harm, with readings drawn from historical and contemporary sources. Topics to be studied may include slavery, colonialism, labour, and the position of women in society.

PHIL338 Philosophy of Law Sections

Concepts of law, constitution and sovereignty; law and morality; natural law theories and legal positivism; obligation, responsibility, and punishment.

PHIL339 Philosophy of Art Sections

Topics include art and perception, art and reality, imagination, expression, censorship, and the role of art in human life.

PHIL340 Introduction to Metaphysics Sections

Topics in metaphysics such as the nature of physical reality, personal identity, the mind/body problem, free will, causation and action theory. Readings from classic and contemporary texts.

PHIL347 Philosophy of Religion Sections

A critical and analytical examination of arguments for and arguments against the existence of God, and other related topics. Credit will be granted for only one of PHIL 347 or PHIL 349.

PHIL348 Introduction to Continental Philosophy Sections

Major themes and figures in the Continental philosophy tradition; possible topics include 19th century precursors, 20th century philosophers, and comparisons between analytic and continental philosophy.

PHIL360 Introduction to History and Philosophy of Science Sections

An examination of historical, conceptual and methodological conditions of scientific knowledge through detailed consideration of important episodes in the history of science.

PHIL362 History and Philosophy of Economics from Aristotle to Adam Smith Sections

The development of economic thought from Aristotle to Adam Smith, focusing primarily on the conceptual foundations of economics, particularly the problems of value, distribution, and economic growth.

PHIL363 History and Philosophy of Economics from Ricardo to Keynes Sections

The development of economic thought from David Ricardo up to the present, including such figures as Mill, Jevons, and Keynes, focusing primarily on the conceptual foundations of economics, particularly the problems of value, distribution and growth.

PHIL364 Darwin, Evolution, and Modern History Sections

Darwin and the science of evolution in nineteenth and early twentieth century.

PHIL369 Philosophy of Science Sections

Issues common to all sciences. Philosophical questions including the character of scientific laws, theories and revolutions, the nature of scientific confirmation, causality, explanation and prediction, and the use of logic and probability. Difficulties in the interpretation of atomic physics and questions about relationships between biology and psychology. No philosophical background is assumed. Credit will be granted for only one of PHIL 369 or PHIL 460.

PHIL375 Philosophy and Literature Sections

Philosophical issues in works of literature or arising from theories of literary interpretation. Topics include issues relating to relativism, the nature of morality, free will, personal identity, the nature of the emotions.

PHIL378 Philosophical Wisdom of Early India Sections

Epistemological and ontological thought from the Vedic Period to the period of the rise of philosophical schools or systems. Philosophy in the Mahabharata, Gita; early Buddhist and Jain views on knowledge and reality; views on language.

PHIL385 Existentialism Sections

Meaning, identity and alienation as explored in the works for example of Kierkegaard, Dostoyevsky, Tolstoy, Sartre, and Camus.

PHIL388 Buddhist, Brahmanical and Jain Philosophers in Interaction. Sections

Debates on issues of epistemology, language and ontology among the philosophical schools or systems of classical India Nagarjuna, Bhartrhari, Uma-svati, Sankara and others.

PHIL390 Honours Tutorial Sections

For students in third-year Honours.

PHIL415 The Philosophy of Immanuel Kant Sections

Study of Kant's critical philosophy.

PHIL418 Topics in Twentieth-Century Philosophy Sections

Intensive study of a major philosopher such as Wittgenstein, Russell, or Heidegger, or school, such as pragmatism or logical empiricism.

PHIL427 Philosophy of Mathematics Sections

Logicism, formalism and constructivism, implications of metatheorems such as those of Gdel and Church, mathematical truth, mathematics and mental construction, mathematics and the physical world.

PHIL431 Topics in Social and Political Philosophy Sections

Central concepts and problems in political life and thought including obligation, citizenship, representation, justice; equality; civil rights and liberty; disobedience.

PHIL432 Topics in Ethical Theory Sections

Classic or contemporary works in ethical theory.

PHIL440 Topics in Epistemology Sections

Analysis of the concept of knowledge; problems of justifying ordinary and basic empirical beliefs.

PHIL441 Philosophy of Perception Sections

The contribution of the senses to knowledge of the external world; the nature of perception and its contribution to empirical knowledge.

PHIL448 Topics in Continental Philosophy Sections

A study of European philosophers from amongst Husserl, Heidegger, Habermas, Foucault, Derrida, Lacan, Levinas, and others. Credit will be granted for only one of PHIL 448 or PHIL 449.

PHIL450 Topics in Metaphysics Sections

Topics including ontology, universals and particulars, substance, determinism and indeterminism, identity over time, and theories of truth.

PHIL451 Philosophy of Mind Sections

The nature of the mental and physical; the relation between minds and bodies; the character of psychological explanation.

PHIL455 Topics in the Philosophy of Cognitive Science Sections

Philosophical topics in the cognitive sciences, such as empiricism vs. nativism, consciousness, mental representation, cognitive architecture, language and thought, and situated cognition.

PHIL461 Philosophy of Social Science Sections

Topics in the philosophy of science of special concern to the social sciences: the problem of objectivity, the use of models and evidence, causation and causal reasoning, formal methods, the status of social kinds and norms, scientific explanation, laws.

PHIL469 Topics in Philosophy of Science Sections

Topics such as probability and induction; foundations of measurement; theory construction.

PHIL470 Comparative Conceptions of the Self Sections

Ways in which the 'self' has been portrayed in eastern and western religious traditions. Thinkers to be considered include Aristotle, Mencius, Freud, Xunzi (Hsn-tzu), Nietzche, and Zhuangzi (Chuang-tzu).

PHIL490 Honours Tutorial Sections

For students in fourth-year Honours.

PHIL491 Seminar for Majors in Philosophy Sections

Selected problems in philosophy, with attention to methods of research. Check with the department for specific topics. Primarily for fourth-year Philosophy Major students, but also open to Philosophy Honours.

PHIL514A Early Modern Philosophy - ERLY MODERN PHIL Sections

PHIL518A Twentieth-Century Philosophy - 20TH CENT PHIL Sections

PHIL520A Logic - LOGIC Sections

PHIL540A Epistemology - EPISTEMOLOGY Sections

PHIL550A Metaphysics - METAPHYSICS Sections

PHIL551A Philosophy of Mind - PHIL OF MIND Sections

PHIL560A Philosophy of Science - PHIL OF SCIENCE Sections

PHIL560B Philosophy of Science - PHIL OF SCIENCE Sections

PHIL561A Topics in Science and Technology Studies - TOPICS IN STS Sections

Advanced seminar on a theme or topic of interest to both STS and Philosophy.

PHIL581A Problems - PROBLEMS Sections

PHIL585 Directed Reading Sections

PHIL599 MA Thesis Sections

PHIL699 Doctoral Dissertation Sections