This course provides a detailed study of the ideals and artistic embellishments of monuments and artifacts in the Muslim world as expressions of Islamic beliefs. The geographical coverage concentrates on the Middle East in its broadest sense (the Arabian Peninsula, Persia, Iraq, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Turkey) and expands through North Africa into Spain to address specific regional developments. Study begins with the artistic and religious heritage of the indigenous cultures in these regions immediately prior to Islam, and stresses developments from the rise of Islam (622 AD, AH 1) to the period of Ottoman control of the Middle East (ca. 1516-1798, AH 922-1213). Cross listed as Art History 351.